Dog Breed Profile

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• High energy level
• Low exercise needs
• Very playful
• Moderately affectionate
• Shy towards other dogs
• Friendly around other pets
• Shy around strangers
• Easy to train
• Great watchdogs
• Not very protective
• Moderate grooming requirements
• Medium tolerance to heat
• Medium tolerance to cold


The Pomeranian is an outgoing dog breed, curious and playful, and even somewhat cocky. If he’s properly trained he can make an excellent family pet, eager to please and enthusiastic. The Pomeranian is a great dog for apartment dwellers as they don’t need a lot of exercise, and their busy nature keeps them moving about most of the day.

The Pomeranian is intelligent and attentive, and always ready for a new adventure. His foxlike face and alert demeanor are complimented by his puffy coat, and his spitz ancestry is evident in his small ears. His coat will need regular brushing, and some tend to bark a lot.

  • Cannot be expected to live outdoors
  • Health conditions that need to be tested for are his knees, eyes and heart
  • Grooming needs include at least twice weekly brushing and more when shedding
  • The Pomeranian is an affectionate and friendly, playful animal that is easy to train
  • Has a great relationship with family members, young and old, not very protective but do make great watchdogs
  • The average size of a male is 3 to 7lbs and 8 to 11 inches tall
  • The average size of a female is 3 to 7lbs and 8 to 11 inches tall

Care & Health:

This active and energetic dog breed will easily meet his exercise needs with a daily walk or playtime indoors. The Pomeranian may look like his coat can handle the outdoors, but he needs to be close to his family and live indoors.

Be prepared to brush him twice a week and more often when he sheds.

Major Health Concerns:

– patellar luxation

Minor Health Concerns:

– open fontanel, hypoglycemia, shoulder luxation, PRA, entropion and occasionally tracheal collapse, PDA

Test for:

– knees, eyes and heart

Life Span:

– 12 to 16 years

Breed History:

The Pomeranian is the smallest spitz member, with lineage of sled dogs. Nobody is quite sure when his size was bred down or why, but he was originally almost 30 pounds and used as a sheep herder.

In 1870, they were recognized by the English Kennel Club, but their popularity didn’t rise until Queen Victoria brought them from Italy, larger and gray than the smaller colorful specimens that were already favored. In 1990 the AKC recognized the breed and since then there has still been an ongoing attempt to breed them down in size while maintaining their coat.

Today the Pomeranian is still a popular show dog and family pet.

  • Family history is spitz, Northern ()
  • Originally from Germany
  • First bred in the 1800’s
  • Original purpose was companions
  • Today they are used for companions