Miniature Pinscher

Dog Breed Profile
Miniature Pinscher

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• High energy level
• Low exercise needs
• Very playful
• Moderately Affectionate
• Shy towards other dogs
• Shy around other pets
• Shy around strangers
• Easy to train
• Great watchdogs
• Not very protective
• Low grooming requirements
• Medium tolerance to heat
• Low tolerance to cold


He may be a small dog breed, but don’t try telling the Miniature Pinscher that. He is always on the go, full of energy and never-ending curiosity. He’s playful, inquisitive and you will find he has no reservations about challenging strangers or chasing small animals. His bark and his fearless nature make him an excellent watchdog, but they are devoted and loving family pets.

He’s a compact breed, with a spirited enthusiasm and alert demeanor. The Miniature Pinscher won’t enjoy being treated like a miniature version of the pinscher, and he can be stubborn, but he’s also intelligent and bold. Provided he’s exercised regularly he will do well as an apartment pet.

  • Cannot be expected to live outdoors
  • Health conditions that need to be tested for are his knees and eyes
  • Grooming needs include very occasional brushing
  • The Miniature Pinscher is an affectionate and friendly, playful animal that is easy to train
  • Has a great relationship with family members, young and old, not very protective but do make great watchdogs
  • The average size of a male is 8 to 10lbs and 10 to 12.5 inches tall
  • The average size of a female is 8 to 10lbs and10 to 12.5 inches tall

Care & Health:

The mini-pin (Miniature Pinscher) is not a dog to sit idly by, he needs exercise a few times day whether in the form of a walk on a leash or playtime inside. He is not a fan of the cold weather and he cannot be expected to live outdoors.

His coat only requires a very occasional brush to remove any dead hair.

Major Health Concerns:

– none

Minor Health Concerns:

–Legg – Perthes, patellar luxation and occasionally PRA

Test for:

– knees and eyes

Life Span:

– 12 to 14 years

Breed History:

This German descendant has been around since the 1600s, evident from a painting of the times. He’s older than the Doberman pinscher but his origin is not known. He was originally meant to be a barnyard ratter.

In the 1800s he is depicted in more paintings, likely the result of breeding the Miniature Pinscher, dachshund and the Italian greyhound. The sum of the traits of all these dogs resulted in the energetic breed we see today. Towards the end of the century, attempts at breeding healthy smaller dogs failed, but by the early 20th century the original size began to gain popularity until the end of the 1st World War when their numbers dropped.

The dogs that had been imported to America thrived and the Miniature Pinscher was recognized by the AKC in 1929 and today he is one of the most popular toy dog breeds.

  • Family history is terrier, pinscher
  • Originally from Germany
  • First bred in the 1600’s
  • Original purpose was small vermin hunting
  • Today they are used for companions
  • Also known as reh pinscher, zwergpinscher