Labrador Retriever

Dog Breed Profile
Labrador Retriever

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• High energy level
• Medium exercise needs
• Very playful
• Very Affectionate
• Very friendly towards other dogs
• Very friendly around other pets
• Very friendly around strangers
• Easy to train
• Great watchdogs
• Not very protective
• Low grooming requirements
• Medium tolerance to heat
• High tolerance to cold


The Labrador Retriever (Lab) makes a great family pet, provided he is properly trained early on. This dog breed is a devoted member of the family, obedient and calm indoors. The Lab loves children, enjoys learning new tricks and thoroughly enjoys mental challenges along with his daily exercise.

The Labrador Retriever is one of the most common family pets, likely due to his even temperament and friendly personality, along with his trainability. He’ll even get along with other pets and small dogs in the home, but if he doesn’t get enough exercise he will become bored and troublesome.

He’s easy to identify with his heavy-set build and short coat, and his strong legs make him an excellent swimmer. The Lab’s jaws have served him well to help him carry large prey in his mouth when used a hunting and retrieving dog.

  • Best suited to being a part of the family as opposed to living outdoors
  • Health conditions that need to be tested for include hips, elbows, eyes
  • Grooming needs include brushing once a week
  • The Labrador Retriever is a very affectionate and friendly, energetic animal that can be a great pet when properly trained
  • Has a great relationship with family members, is not very protective but do make great watchdogs
  • The average size of a male is 65 to 80lbs and 22.5 to 24.5 inches tall
  • The average size of a female is 55 to 70lbs and 21.5 to 23.5 inches tall

Care & Health:

Labrador Retriever’s require daily exercise, and they prefer to be swimming and retrieving above all other forms of activity. He’s very social and loves to be part of the family as much as possible.

He’ll need a brushing every week to keep his coat healthy and free from dead hairs.

Major Health Concerns:

–CHD, gastric torsion, retinal dysplasia/skeletal dwarfism, muscular dystrophy, elbow dysplasia

Minor Health Concerns:

–cataract, OCD, CPRA, pyotraumatic dermatitis and occasionally diabetes, entropion, distichiasis

Test for:

–hips, elbows, eyes

Life Span:

– 10 to 12 years

Breed History:

Originally from Newfoundland, the Lab is a versatile water dog, adept at swimming and retrieving even large birds and game. Despite his name he is not from Labrador, and his lineage contains the Newfoundland breed.

The Labrador Retriever were the fisherman’s best friend, helping them to drag nets from the water and catch wayward fish. It’s also known that they even dragged small boats through the icy water. Due to a large tax imposed on dogs the breed disappeared in Newfoundland, but thanks to several of these dogs having been imported in England in the 1800s, the breed survived extinction.

He became popular in England for his many abilities and was recognized by the AKC in 1917. Today they are the most popular of family dogs in the US.

  • Family history is gundog, retriever
  • Originally from Canada
  • First bred in the 1800’s
  • Original purpose was water retrieving
  • Today they are used for water retrieving, assistance, obedience competition, retriever field trials