Doberman Pinscher

Dog Breed Profile
Doberman Pinscher

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• High energy level
• Medium exercise needs
• Moderately playful
• Moderately Affectionate
• Shy towards other dogs
• Friendly around other pets
• Shy around strangers
• Difficult to train
• Great watchdogs
• Very protective
• Low grooming requirements
• Medium tolerance to heat
• Medium tolerance to cold


The Doberman Pinscher is an alert dog breed, always prepared to be the family’s protector and guardian with his watchful and obedient nature. He’s an intelligent dog, loyal to those he loves and he easily maintains a very adventurous spirit backed up by his energetic demeanor.

He’s a great dog to respond to obedience training, and even with his muscular and square shape he has an elegant gait and a high level of endurance and speed. The Doberman Pinscher may be aggressive with strange dogs and may even have a slightly domineering side. His clean-cut appearance is easily maintained with minimal grooming.

  • Prefers to live indoors with his family
  • Health conditions that need to be tested for are vWD, heart and hips
  • Grooming needs include the occasional brush
  • The Doberman Pinscher is an energetic and somewhat playful animal that is trainable
  • Has a great relationship with family members, young and old, very protective and does make a great watchdog
  • The average size of a male is 65 to 90lbs and 26 to 28 inches tall
  • The average size of a female is 65 to 90lbs and 24 to 26 inches tall

Care & Health:

Without proper daily exercise a Doberman Pinscher can become bored and destructive, so be sure to take him for a lone walk or jog or let him run free in a fenced in space. He’s happier living indoors with his family. You won’t need to do much to care for his coat – the occasional brushing will suffice.

Major Health Concerns:

– CVI (wobbler's syndrome), cardiomyopathy

Minor Health Concerns:

– vWD, demodicosis, osteosarcoma, narcolepsy, gastric torsion, CHD and occasionally albinism

Test for:

– DNA for vWD, heart and hips

Life Span:

– 10 to 12 years

Additional information:

– Prone to alopecia, white Dobermans have serious health problems

Breed History:

Thought to be named after a tax collector in Germany who felt the need for a guard dog as he attempted to collect taxes door to door, the Doberman Pinscher was bred from the German Shepherd and German Pinscher and later with a few other breeds.

The Doberman Pinscher arrived in the US in the early 1900s, and became popular as a police dog as well as military dog before being recognized for his talents as a family watchdog. He soon found a place as a show dog, and by 1977 he was considered number two of the most popular US breeds. The AKC tags the registration number of any of these dogs that may be carrying the albino gene.

  • Family history is mastiff
  • Originally from Germany
  • First bred in 1800s
  • Original purpose was guardian
  • Today they are used for security, police, military, schutzhund
  • Also known as Doberman