Belgian Malinois

Dog Breed Profile
Belgian Malinois

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• High energy level
• High exercise needs
• Very playful
• Mildly Affectionate
• Friendly towards other dogs
• Friendly around other pets
• Shy around strangers
• Difficult to train
• Great watchdogs
• Very protective
• Low grooming requirements
• Medium tolerance to heat and cold


The Belgian Malinois is a very high energy breed that has a high level of intelligence, making it a popular police and security dog, even more so in recent years than the German shepherd.

This dog breed tends to have a more confident nature than some other herders, but is very protective of family. This dog has a very elegant stance and is easy to groom with its short coat. Females have a more feminine appearance and are slightly smaller in height.

The Belgian Malinois are strong and attractive looking, with variations between fawn or mahogany color overall and black tipped hair and black mask and ears.

  • Best suited to dividing time between outside and inside the home
  • Health conditions that need to be tested for include the hips
  • Grooming needs include once a week brushing, more when shedding.
  • Once trained has a great relationship with family members, young and old, and make great watchdogs
  • They can get along with other family pets but do not take kindly to strange dogs and people they are unfamiliar with
  • The average size of a male is 60 to 65lbs and 24 to 26 inches tall
  • The average size of a female is 60 to 65lbs and 22 to 24 inches tall

Belgian Malinois

Care & Health

The Belgian Malinois requires regular daily vigorous exercise; it’s not enough to take him for a daily walk. A play session or jog will get him moving and help to keep him healthy and burn off the extra energy to avoid bored and destructive behavior.

Regular weekly brushing is fine except when he is shedding, which requires more frequent care to remove excess hair.

This breed is happiest dividing time between the indoors and outdoors, balancing the need for exercise and socialization.

Major Health Concerns:


Minor Health Concerns:

–CHD (Canine Hip Dysplasia), epilepsy and skin allergies

Test for:

– hips

Life Span:

– 10 to 12 years

Breed History:

This breed is one of four registered as sheep-herding dogs in France and Belgium, and one of the historically favorite breeds in Belgium for its cherished working character. These were bred to be the short-haired version of the sheepdog, and quickly became popular in Belgium where it still retains its standing today.

The Belgian Malinois never became as sought-after in North America, but did gain some popularity between World War I and II, dwindling at the end of the war. Eventually they did regain some of their recognition and popularity, and even more now as they are becoming the most sought after police dog around the world.

  • Family history is herding
  • Originally from Belgium
  • Origin in the 1800’s
  • Original purpose was stock herding
  • Today they are used as herding trials, security, detection and as police dogs
  • Also known as Malinois, chien de bergerBelge
Belgian Malinois Labrador Mix

Meet Scoochy - a seven month old Belgian Malinois Labrador Mix
Submitted by I. Limatoc